Author Guidelines

Manuscript Preparation Guidelines

Paper should be written in good Bahasa Indonesia/ English. The length of submitted paper is at least 6 pages and no more than 15 pages (including references). Use of a reference tool such as MendeleyEnd Note, or Zotero for reference management and formatting, and choose APA 6th edition. 

Manuscript submitted to this journal should follow the heading below, except for the review article: Title; Authors Name; Authors Affiliation; Abstract; Keywords; Introduction; Methods; Results and Discussion; Conclusions; Acknowledgments (optional); and References.

1. Title
This is your opportunity to attract the reader’s attention. Remember that readers are the potential authors who will cite your article. Identify the main issue of the paper. Begin with the subject of the paper. The title should be accurate, unambiguous, specific, and complete. Do not contain infrequently-used abbreviations. Number of word in title is no more than 15 words. Title should be written in Bahasa Indonesia and English.

2. Authors name and affiliation
Write Author(s) names without title and professional positions such as Prof, Dr, Production Manager, etc. Do not abbreviate your last/family name. Always give your First and Last names. If you have one word name such as Laksana, write Laksana Laksana. Write clear affiliation of all Authors. Affiliation includes: name of department/unit, (faculty), name of university, address, country. Please indicate Corresponding Author (include email address) behind the name.

3. Abstract
The abstract should be clear, concise, and descriptive. This abstract should provide a brief introduction to the problem, objective of paper, followed by a statement regarding the methodology and a brief summary of results. The abstract should end with a comment on the significance of the results or a brief conclusion. An abstract should stand alone, means that no citation in the abstract. Abstract should be written in Bahasa Indonesia and English.

4. Keywords
Maximum of 5 keywords separated by semicolon (;), crucial to the appropriate indexing of the papers, are to be given.

5. Introduction
The Introduction ought to give readers with the background data required to know your study, and the reasons why you conducted your experiments. The Introduction ought to answer the question: what question/problem was studied? Please don't write a literature review in your Introduction, however, do cite reviews wherever readers will realize a lot of data if they need it. Whereas writing the background, make certain your citations are relevant, well balanced, and current (not older than ten years).Once you have got provided background material and expressed the matter or question for your study, tell the reader the aim of your study. Typically, the explanation is to fill a niche within the information or to answer an antecedent unrequited question. The ultimate factor to incorporate at the top of your Introduction could be a clear and precise statement of your study aims.

6. Method
Method is is a part consists of the design of the research, subject, instrument, data collection procedure, and data analysis. This section provides the reader with all the small print of however you conducted your study. You ought to use subheadings to separate totally different methodologies. Afterwards, you ought to describe what you probably did within the past, describe new strategies in enough detail that another investigator will reproduce your experiment, and describe established strategies in short.

7. Results and Discussion
In the Results section, merely state what you found, however don't interpret the results or discuss their implications. Results ought to be bestowed in an exceedingly logical order. Generally, this may be so as of importance, not essentially the order within which the experiments were performed. Use the past to explain your results; but, discuss with figures and tables within the present. Do not duplicate knowledge among figures, tables, and text. A standard mistake is to re-state abundant of the info from a table within the text of the manuscript. Instead, use the text to summarize what the reader can realize within the table, or mention one or 2 of the foremost necessary knowledge points. It is sometimes abundant easier to scan knowledge in an exceedingly table than within the text. Your Discussion ought to answer the question: What do your results mean? In alternative words, the bulk of the Discussion associated Conclusions sections ought to be an interpretation of your results. You ought to discuss your conclusions so as of most to least necessary. Compare your results with those from alternative studies as recommend further experiments required to clarify your results. Discuss what your results might mean for researchers within the same field as you, researchers in alternative fields, and therefore the general public.

Tables are sequentially numbered with the table title and number above the table. Tables should be centered in the column OR on the page. Tables are referred in the text by the table number. eg: Table 1. Do not show vertical line in the table. There is only horizontal line should be shown within the table.

Figures are sequentially numbered commencing at 1 with the figure title and number below the figure as shown in Figure 1. Detailed recommendations for figures are as follows: (a) ensure that figures are clear and legible with typed letterings; (b) black & white or colored figures are allowed; (c) hard copy illustrations should, preferably, be scanned and included in the electronic version of the submission in an appropriate format as follows: BMP; WMF; EPS; Microsoft Graph; Microsoft Draw.

Equations should be numbered serially within parentheses as shown in Equation (1). Equation should be prepared using MS Equation Editor (not in image format). The equation number is to be placed at the extreme right side.

Units, Abbreviations and Symbols
Metric units are preferred. Define abbreviations and symbols at the first time as they are introduced in the text.

8. Conclusion
In conclusion, state however your results extend the findings of previous studies. If your findings are preliminary, you must recommend future studies that require to be disbursed.

9. Acknowledgment (optional)
Recognize those who helped in the research, especially funding supporter of your research. Include individuals who have assisted you in your study: Advisors, Financial supporters, or may other supporter i.e. Proofreaders, Typists, and Suppliers who may have given materials.

10. References
Cite the main scientific publications on which your work is based. Cite only items that you have read. Do not inflate the manuscript with too many references. Avoid excessive self‐citations. Avoid excessive citations of publications from the same region. Check each reference against the original source (authors name, volume, issue, year, DOI Number). Please use Reference Manager Applications like MendeleyEnd Note, or Zotero, etc. Use other published articles in the same journal as models. Citation and Reference are written according to the APA 6th edition style. Each article should has at least 20 references.