Effectiveness of Solution-Focused Brief Counseling and Motivational Interviewing in Improving Students’ Self-Disclosure

Authors

  • Iftitah Indriani Universitas Negeri Semarang
  • Mungin Eddy Wibowo Universitas Negeri Semarang
  • Mulawarman Mulawarman Universitas Negeri Semarang

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17977/um001v7i22022p81-88

Keywords:

solution-focused brief counseling, motivational interviewing, self-disclosure

Abstract

Abstract: This study investigates the effectiveness of solution-focused brief counseling and motivational interviewing in enhancing students’ self-disclosure. This study used a randomized pretest-posttest control group design. The sixteen participants from State Junior High School 3 Comal, Indonesia, were selected through nonprobability sampling with purposive sampling. The participants were divided into experiment and control groups. For the research instruments, this study used The Self-Disclosure Questionnaire developed by Jourard to measure students’ self-disclosure. The obtained data were analyzed using the repeated measures ANOVA test. Our analysis results showed that solution-focused brief counseling and motivational interviewing were effective in improving students’ self-disclosure. Therefore, the school counselor can implement both solution-focused brief counseling and motivational interviewing to enhance their students’ internal potential and self-disclosure. Future studies are suggested to widen the research participants and analyze the effects of gender and age differences on the effectiveness of solution-focused brief counseling and motivational interviewing in improving students’ self-disclosure.

Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keefektifan solution-focused brief counseling dan motivational interviewing untuk meningkatkan self-disclosure peserta didik. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain randomized pretest posttest control group design. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan nonprobability sampling dengan sampling purposive. Sampel yang dilibatkan sebanyak enam belas peserta didik di Sekolah Menengah Pertama Negeri 3 Comal, Indonesia yang dibagi sama rata pada kelompok eksperimen dan kelompok kontrol. Instrumen yang digunakan untuk mengukur self-disclosure adalah The Self-Disclosure Questionnaire yang dikembangkan oleh Jourard. Metode analisis data menggunakan uji repeated measures ANOVA. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa solution-focused brief counseling dan motivational interviewing efektif untuk meningkatkan self-disclosure peserta didik. Berdasarkan penelitian, konselor sekolah dapat mengaplikasikan solution-focused brief counseling dan motivational interviewing untuk meningkatkan potensi internal dan self-disclosure peserta didik. Peneliti selanjutnya dapat memperluas cakupan subjek penelitian, menganalisis perbedaan gender dan usia antar subjek penelitian dalam keefektifan pendekatan solution-focused brief counseling dan motivational interviewing untuk meningkatkan self-disclosure peserta didik.

References

Amelisa. (2018). Model konseling self-disclosure pada remaja (study kasus orang tua bercerai). HISBAH: Jurnal Bimbingan Konseling dan Dakwah Islam, 15(1), 57–67.

Arofah, L., Nawantara, R. D., & Puspitasari, A. D. (2018). Pengembangan panduan solution focused brief counselling untuk guru BK sekolah menengah pertama (SMPN) 1 Kota Kediri. Jurnal Bikotetik, 2(1), 73–114.

Arslan, N., & Kiper, A. (2018). Self disclosure and internet addiction. Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Technology, 3(1), 56–63.

Borshuk, C. (2017). Managing student self-disclosure in class settings: Lessons from feminist pedagogy. Journal of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, 1(17), 78–86. https://doi.org/10.14434/josotl.v17i1.20070

Choi, Y. H., & Bazarova, N. (2020). Self-disclosure and self-presentation. Encyclopedia of Family Studies. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119011071.iemp0084

Dahlia & Rahmi, S. (2020). Pengaruh teknik motivational interviewing untuk meningkatkan empati pada siswa kelas VII SMPN 11 Tarakan. Jurnal Bimbingan dan Konseling Borneo, 1(2), 62–69.

Fauzia, A. Z., Maslihah, S., & Ihsan, H. (2019). Pengaruh tipe kepribadian terhadap self-disclosure pada dewasa awal pengguna media sosial instagram di kota bandung. Jurnal Psikologi Sains dan Profesi (Journal Psychology of Science and Profession), 3(3), 151–160.

Fortune, J., Breckon, J., Norris, M., Eva, G., & Frater, T. (2019). Motivational interviewing training for physiotherapy and occupational therapy students: Effect on confidence, knowledge and skills. Patient Education and Counseling, 102, 694–700. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2018.11.014

Grant, A. M. (2017). Solution-focused cognitive–behavioral coaching for sustainable high performance and circumventing stress, fatigue, and burnout. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, 69(2), 98–111. https://doi.org/10.1037/cpb0000086

Hagedorn, R. L., Barr, M. L., Famodu, O. A., Clark, R. L., Morris, A. M., Wattick, R. A., Waanders, T. R., & Olfert, M. D. (2018). Behaviour change counselling: Training graduate dietetic students in shortened motivational interviewing. The FASEB Journal, 31(1). https://doi.org/10.1096/fasebj.31.1_supplement.975.5

Handayani, V. F., Arisanti, I., & Atmasari, A. (2019). Pengaruh pengungkapan diri (self disclosure) terhadap stress pada mahasiswa yang mengerjakan skripsi di fakultas ekonomi dan bisnis Universitas Teknologi Sumbawa. Jurnal Psimawa, 2(1), 47–51.

Handley, V., Story, M., & Jordan, S. S. (2018). Solution-focused brief therapy: A solution to dialogues between members of differing generational cohorts. Journal of Systemic Therapies, 37(3), 1–14.

Herliana. (2019). Upaya meningkatkan pengungkapan diri dalam mengemukakan pendapat melalui teknik diskusi kelompok pada siswa kelas VIII B di SMP Negeri 9 Banjarmasin. Jurnal Pelayanan Bimbingan dan Konseling, 2(2), 83–91.

Jourard, S. M., & Lasakow, P. (1958). Some factors in self-disclosure. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 56(1), 91–98. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0043357

Kaufman, E. A. (2019). Dialectical behavior therapy and motivational interviewing: Conceptual convergence, compatibility, and strategies for integration. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpra.2019.07.004

Kusumawide, K. T., Saputra, W. N. E., Alhadi, S., Prasetiawan, H. (2019). Keefektifan solution focused brief counseling (SFBC) untuk menurunkan perilaku prokrastinasi akademik siswa. Counsellia: Jurnal Bimbingan dan Konseling, 2(9), 89–102. https://doi.org/10.25273/counsellia.v9i2.4618

Lin, R & Utz, S. (2017). Self-disclosure on SNS: Do disclosure intimacy and narrativity influence interpersonal closeness and social attraction? Computers in Human Behavior, 70, 426–436. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2017.01.012

Lipchik, E. (2017). My story about solution-focused brief therapist/client relationships. Journal of Systemic Therapies, 4(36), 76–89.

Luo, M., & Hancock, J. T. (2020). Self-disclosure and social media: Motivations, mechanisms and psychological well-being. Current Opinion in Psychology, 31, 110–115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copsyc.2019.08.019

Malas, N., Rofey, D., Kuchera, A. M., Pletcher, J., Aguayo, R. O., Douaihy, A., & Gold, M. (2016). Motivational interviewing in paediatric residency. The Clinical Teacher, 14(1), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1111/tct.12503

Miller, W. R & Rose, G. S. (2015). Motivational interviewing and decisional balance: Contrasting responses to client ambivalence. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 43, 129–141. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1352465813000878

Nadlyfah, A. K., & Kustanti, E. R. (2018). Hubungan antara pengungkapan diri dengan penyesuaian diri pada mahasiswa rantau di semarang. Jurnal Empati, 7(1), 136–144.

Nugroho, A. H., Puspita, D. A., & Mulawarman, M. (2018). Penerapan solution-focused brief counseling (SFBC) untuk meningkatkan konsep diri akademik siswa. Jurnal Bikotetik (Bimbingan dan Konseling: Teori dan Praktik), 2(1), 93–99.

Nurjanah, Yusmansyah, & Giyono. (2013). Peningkatan self-disclosure siswa di sekolah dengan menggunakan konseling kelompok. ALIBKIN (Jurnal Bimbingan Konseling), 2(3), 1–13.

Ozdem, G., & Sezer, S. (2019). The relationship between solution-focused school leadership and organizational cynicism, organizational commitment and teachers’ job satisfaction. International Journal of Progressive Education, 15(1), 166–183. https://doi.org/10.29329/ijpe.2019.184.11

Sagar, M. E. (2021). Intervention for social anxiety among university students with a solution-focused group counseling program. International Journal of Progressive Education, 17(3), 316–326. https://doi.org/10.29329/ijpe.2021.346.20

Shennan, G. (2020). Towards a critical solution-focused practice? Journal of Solution Focused Practices, 4(1), 14–21.

Shih, Y.-W. (2015). Self-disclosure, interpersonal relationships, and stickiness of online communities. Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, 4(2), 71–78. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.pbs.20150402.16

Silva, J. G. G. D., Kavanagh, D. J., May, J., & Andrade, J. (2020). Say it aloud: Measuring change talk and user perceptions in an automated, technology-delivered adaptation of motivational interviewing delivered by video-counsellor. Internet Interventions, 21, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2020.100332

Ulumuddin, F., & Indrawati, E. S. (2018). Hubungan antara dukungan sosial orang tua dan pengungkapan diri dengan orang tua pada santri putri kelas X Madrasah Aliyah di Pondok Pesantren Husnul Khotimah Kabupaten Kuningan. Jurnal Empati, 6(4), 417–423.

Downloads

Published

08-02-2022

How to Cite

Indriani, I., Wibowo, M. E., & Mulawarman, M. (2022). Effectiveness of Solution-Focused Brief Counseling and Motivational Interviewing in Improving Students’ Self-Disclosure. Jurnal Kajian Bimbingan Dan Konseling, 7(2), 81–88. https://doi.org/10.17977/um001v7i22022p81-88

Issue

Section

Articles