Psychological Well-Being and Student Academic Burnout

Henny Indreswari, Devy Probowati, Indriyana Rachmawati


Abstract: Psychological well-being is an important aspect for students that needs to be considered in the current situation, which in fact many are faced with academic burnout. This research was conducted with the aim of knowing the relationship between psychological well-being and student academic burnout. The research design used is correlation, with a research sample of 180 students. The sampling technique used is proportional random sampling. Collecting data using psychological well-being scale and academic burnout scale. The data analysis technique used is Pearson's product moment. The results showed that psychological well-being has a negative relationship with academic burnout. This means that the higher the psychological well-being of students, the lower their academic burnout. These findings can be used as a basis for universities to provide mental health services needed by students and lecturers needed to assist students in providing guidance and counseling services.

Abstrak: Kesejahteraan psikologis merupakan salah satu aspek penting bagi mahasiswa yang perlu diperhatikan ketika mereka menghadapi situasi yang kurang menguntungkan, salah satunya kejenuhan akademik. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara kesejahteraan psikologis dengan kejenuhan akademik mahasiswa. Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan korelasi, dengan sampel penelitian sebanyak 180 mahasiswa. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan proportional random sampling. Pengumpulan data menggunakan skala kesejahteraan psikologis dan skala kejenuhan akademik. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah pearson product moment. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kesejahteraan psikologis memiliki hubungan negatif dengan kejenuhan akademik. Artinya semakin tinggi kesejahteraan psikologis mahasiswa, maka semakin rendah kejenuhan akademiknya. Temuan ini dapat menjadi pijakan bagi perguruan tinggi untuk memberikan layanan kesehatan mental yang dibutuhkan mahasiswa dan dosen konselor yang dibutuhkan untuk membantu mahasiswa dalam memberikan layanan bimbingan dan konseling.


Akkaya, S., & Kapıdere, M. (2021). How do digital games utilization levels predict a teacher’s digital material development self-efficacy? World Journal on Educational Technology: Current Issues, 13(2), 322–335. doi: 10.18844/wjet.v13i2.5716
Alós Cívico, F. J., Acedo, V. I., Maldonado Herves, M. A., & Moreno Osella, E. M. (2021). Bienestar psicológico y discapacidad: una comparativa entre estudiantes universitarios. Electronic Journal of Research in Education Psychology, 19(53), 93–116. doi: 10.25115/ejrep.v19i53.3560
Anis, R., Calia, C., Demir, O. O., Doyran, F., & Hacifazlioglu, O. (2021). The psycho-social needs of displaced Syrian youth in Turkish schools: A qualitative study. Cypriot Journal of Educational Sciences, 16(4), 1602–1615. doi: 10.18844/cjes.v16i4.6025
Asici, E. (2021). Social entrepreneurship and psychological well-being in teaching candidates: Mediator role of hope. International Journal of Research in Education and Science, 7(2), 505–524. doi: 10.46328/ijres.1186
Aydin, E. (2020). Effect of perfectionism, social competence and psychological well-being on physical activity of students. African Educational Research Journal, 8(1), 90–95.
Baroni, D., Nerini, A., Matera, C., & Stefanile, C. (2018). Mindfulness and emotional distress: The mediating role of psychological well-being. Current Psychology, 37(3), 467–476. doi: 10.1007/s12144-016-9524-1
Basar, A. M. (2021). Problematika pembelajaran jarak jauh pada masa pandemi Covid-19. Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, 2(1), 208–218. doi: 10.51276/edu.v2i1.112
Bhat, B. A. (2021). Psychological well-being of senior secondary school students in relation to gender and academic achievement: An empirical study. Shanlax International Journal of Education, 9(2), 96–101. doi: 10.34293/education.v9i2.3704
Bikar, S., Marziyeh, A., & Pourghaz, A. (2018). Affective structures among students and its relationship with academic burnout with emphasis on gender. International Journal of Instruction, 11(1), 183–194. doi: 10.12973/iji.2018.11113a
Bingöl, T. Y., & Batık, M. V. (2018). Unconditional self-acceptance and perfectionistic cognitions as predictors of psychological well-being. Journal of Education and Training Studies, 7(1), 67–75. doi: 10.11114/jets.v7i1.3712

Boudreaux, M. J., & Ozer, D. J. (2013). Goal conflict, goal striving, and psychological well-being. Motivation and Emotion, 37(3), 433–443. doi: 10.1007/s11031-012-9333-2
Burris, J. L., Brechting, E. H., Salsman, J., & Carlson, C. R. (2009). Factors associated with the psychological well-being and distress of university students. Journal of American College Health, 57(5), 536–544. doi: 10.3200/JACH.57.5.536-544
Can, A., Poyrazli, S., & Pillay, Y. (2021). Eleven types of adjustment problems and psychological well-being among international students. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 21(91), 1–20. doi: 10.14689/ejer.2021.91.1
Castellanos, J. (2018). Gender differences within academic burnout. Adult Higher Education Alliance.
Cenkseven, F., & Akbaş, T. (2007). Examining the predictors of subjective and psychological well-being of university students. Turkish Psychological Counseling and Guidance Journal, 3(27), 43–65.
Chai, X. Y., & Subramaniam, G. (2021). The use of communication strategies in mobile asynchronous chat. International Journal of Computer-Assisted Language Learning and Teaching, 11(2), 33–50. doi: 10.4018/IJCALLT.2021040103
Chang, E., Lee, A., Byeon, E., Seong, H., & Lee, S. M. (2016). The mediating effect of motivational types in the relationship between perfectionism and academic burnout. Personality and Individual Differences, 89, 202–210. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2015.10.010
Chang, E., Seong, H., & Lee, S. M. (2020). Exploring the relationship between perfectionism and academic burnout through achievement goals: A mediation model. Asia Pacific Education Review, 21(3), 409–422. doi: 10.1007/s12564-020-09633-1
Cornilla, W. O., & Maureen, A. W. (2021). Parental and special education teachers influence on psychological adjustment of pupils with learning disabilities in inclusive primary schools in Kenya. Educational Research and Reviews, 16(9), 389–399. doi: 10.5897/ERR2021.4189
Davis, S. K., & Hadwin, A. F. (2021). Exploring differences in psychological well-being and self-regulated learning in university student success. Frontline Learning Research, 9(1), 30–43. doi: 10.14786/flr.v9i1.581
Delgado-Gonzalez, A., & Herrera-Rivas, L. (2021). Motivation and english achievement in Mexican teacher students: A correlation study. International Education Studies, 14(3), 96–104. doi: 10.5539/ies.v14n3p96
Eisenberg, D., Hunt, J., & Speer, N. (2013). Mental health in American colleges and universities. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 201(1), 60–67. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e31827ab077
Erarslan, A. (2021). Correlation between metadiscourse, lexical complexity, readability and writing performance in EFL university students’ research-based essays. Shanlax International Journal of Education, 9(S1-May), 238–254. doi: 10.34293/education.v9iS1-May.4017
Eskisu, M. (2021). The role of proactive personality in the relationship among parentification, psychological resilience and psychological well-being. International Online Journal of Education and Teaching, 8(2), 797–813.
Eva, N., Shanti, P., Hidayah, N., & Bisri, M. (2020). Pengaruh dukungan sosial terhadap kesejahteraan psikologis mahasiswa dengan religiusitas sebagai moderator. Jurnal Kajian Bimbingan dan Konseling, 5(3), 122–131. doi: 10.17977/um001v5i32020p122
García-Izquierdo, M., Ríos-Risquez, M. I., Carrillo-García, C., & Sabuco-Tebar, E. de los Á. (2018). The moderating role of resilience in the relationship between academic burnout and the perception of psychological health in nursing students. Educational Psychology, 38(8), 1068–1079. doi: 10.1080/01443410.2017.1383073
Hussein Alkhatib, M. A. (2020). Investigate the relation between psychological well-being, self-efficacy and positive thinking at Prince Sattam bin Abdul Aziz University Students. International Journal of Higher Education, 9(4), 138–152. doi: 10.5430/ijhe.v9n4p138
Iacovino, J. M., & James, S. A. (2016). Retaining students of color in higher education: Expanding our focus to psychosocial adjustment and mental health. In The crisis of race in higher education: A day of discovery and dialogue. Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Kaya, Z., & Çenesiz, G. Z. (2020). The predictor roles of life-satisfaction, and intrinsic-extrinsic motivation on the psychological well-being of pre-service teachers. International Online Journal of Education and Teaching, 7(4), 1370–1387.
Keyes, C. L. M., Shmotkin, D., & Ryff, C. D. (2002). Optimizing well-being: The empirical encounter of two traditions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82(6), 1007–1022. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.82.6.1007
Kilgo, C. A., Mollet, A. L., & Pascarella, E. T. (2016). The estimated effects of college student involvement on psychological well-being. Journal of College Student Development, 57(8), 1043–1049. doi: 10.1353/csd.2016.0098
Kim, S., Kim, H., Park, E. H., Kim, B., Lee, S. M., & Kim, B. (2021). Applying the demand–control–support model on burnout in students: A meta‐analysis. Psychology in the Schools, 58(11), 2130–2147. doi: 10.1002/pits.22581
Kirkbir, F. (2020). Effect of emotional intelligence education on psychological well-being and aggression of athlete students at the Karadeniz Technical University. African Educational Research Journal, 8, 146–151. doi: 10.30918/AERJ.8S1.20.023
Koo, K. K. (2021). Am i welcome here? Campus climate and psychological well-being among students of color. Journal of Student Affairs Research and Practice, 58(2), 196–213. doi: 10.1080/19496591.2020.1853557
Koo, K., Kim, Y. W., Lee, J., & Nyunt, G. (2021). “It’s my fault”: Exploring experiences and mental wellness among Korean international graduate students. Journal of International Students, 11(4), 790–811. doi: 10.32674/jis.v11i4.2801
Lee, M. Y., & Lee, S. M. (2018). The effects of psychological maladjustments on predicting developmental trajectories of academic burnout. School Psychology International, 39(3), 217–233. doi: 10.1177/0143034318766206
Lee, Y.-C., Huang, C.-H., Rahman, D. H., Yu, C.-H., & Wu, H.-H. (2020). A Case Study of Analyzing Emotional Exhaustion from A Medical Center in Taiwan. Jurnal Kajian Bimbingan dan Konseling, 5(1), 1–8. doi: 10.17977/um001v5i12020p001
Lin, S.-H., & Huang, Y.-C. (2014). Life stress and academic burnout. Active Learning in Higher Education, 15(1), 77–90. doi: 10.1177/1469787413514651
Montoya, A. L., & Summers, L. L. (2021). 8 dimensions of wellness for educators. The Learning Professional, 42(1), 49–62.
Muqodas, I., Kartadinata, S., Nurihsan, J., Dahlan, T., Yusuf, S., & Imaddudin, A. (2020). Psychological well-being: A preliminary study of guidance and counseling services development of preservice teachers in Indonesia. Proceedings of the International Conference on Educational Psychology and Pedagogy - “Diversity in Education” (ICEPP 2019), 56–60. Paris, France: Atlantis Press. doi: 10.2991/assehr.k.200130.080
Özhan, M. B., & Yüksel, G. (2021). The effect of school burnout on academic achievement and well-being in high school students: A holistic model proposal. International Journal of Contemporary Educational Research, 8(1), 145–162. doi: 10.33200/ijcer.824488
Peck, F. (2021). Towards anti-deficit education in undergraduate mathematics education: How deficit perspectives work to structure inequality and what can be done about it. PRIMUS, 31(9), 940–961. doi: 10.1080/10511970.2020.1781721
Peñacoba, C., Garvi, D., Gómez, L., & Álvarez, A. (2020). Psychological well-being, emotional intelligence, and emotional symptoms in deaf adults. American Annals of the Deaf, 165(4), 436–452. doi: 10.1353/aad.2020.0029
Rankin, S. R., & Reason, R. D. (2005). Differing perceptions: How students of color and white students perceive campus climate for underrepresented groups. Journal of College Student Development, 46(1), 43–61. doi: 10.1353/csd.2005.0008
Rehman, A. U., Bhuttah, T. M., & You, X. (2020). Linking burnout to psychological well-being: The mediating role of social support and learning motivation. Psychology Research and Behavior Management, 13, 545–554. doi: 10.2147/PRBM.S250961
Roothman, B., Kirsten, D. K., & Wissing, M. P. (2003). Gender differences in aspects of psychological well-being. South African Journal of Psychology, 33(4), 212–218. doi: 10.1177/008124630303300403
Rudd, M., & Honkiss, L. (2019). Analysing the correlation between english proficiency and academic performance among thai university students. Athens Journal of Education, 7(1), 123–138. doi: 10.30958/aje.7-1-6
Ryff, C. D., & Keyes, C. L. M. (1995). The structure of psychological well-being revisited. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69(4), 719–727. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.69.4.719
Ryff, C. D., & Singer, B. (1998). The contours of positive human health. Psychological Inquiry, 9(1), 1–28. doi: 10.1207/s15327965pli0901_1
Salgado, S., & Au-Yong-Oliveira, M. (2021). Student burnout: A case study about a Portuguese public university. Education Sciences, 11(1), 31. doi: 10.3390/educsci11010031
Stoliker, B. E., & Lafreniere, K. D. (2015). The influence of perceived stress, loneliness, and learning burnout on university students’ educational experience. College Student Journal, 49(1), 146–160.
Telef, B., Uzman, E., & Ergün, E. (2013). Examine the relation between psychological well-being and values in teacher candidates. International Periodical For The Languages, Literature and History of Turkish or Turkic, 8, 1297–1307.
Tunç, A. Ç. (2020). Anxiety and psychological well-being levels of faculty of sports sciences students. International Education Studies, 13(5), 117–124. doi: 10.5539/ies.v13n5p117
Vinter, K. (2021). Examining academic burnout: Profiles and coping patterns among Estonian middle school students. Educational Studies, 47(1), 1–18. doi: 10.1080/03055698.2019.1702510
Vizoso, C., Arias-Gundín, O., & Rodríguez, C. (2019). Exploring coping and optimism as predictors of academic burnout and performance among university students. Educational Psychology, 39(6), 768–783. doi: 10.1080/01443410.2018.1545996
Yalçın, S., Akan, D., & Yıldırım, İ. (2021). Investigation of the organizational commitment and psychological well-being levels of academicians. International Journal of Research in Education and Science, 7(2), 525–544. doi: 10.46328/ijres.1346
Zaiyar, M., Rusmar, I., & Yuniarti, T. (2020). Correlation between students’ mathematical and logical spatial intelligence in terms of understanding concepts. Malikussaleh Journal of Mathematics Learning (MJML), 3(2), 76–79. doi: 10.29103/mjml.v3i2.3005


Henny Indreswari (Primary Contact)
Devy Probowati
Indriyana Rachmawati
Indreswari, H., Probowati, D., & Rachmawati, I. (2022). Psychological Well-Being and Student Academic Burnout. Jurnal Kajian Bimbingan Dan Konseling, 7(3), 138–149.

Article Details